Trigger points, more commonly known as knots, are sensitive and hyperirritable areas in the muscle or connective tissue (fascia) that are painful when compressed and may also cause referred pain in another part of the body. Patients may experience persistent pain and have limited movements. It may also manifest as tension headaches, lower back or neck pain, and tinnitus. Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a chronic disorder identified by multiple trigger points, causing generalized body pain, as it radiates from the trigger point throughout the muscle and fascia.
Patients can be treated with trigger point myotherapy /neuromuscular therapy/massage therapy, which applies concentrated pressure on the muscle in spasm. This relaxes the muscle and encourages blood and oxygen circulation to the affected area. Myofascial release is a manipulative treatment that releases tension and reduces chronic pain in muscle fascia. Trigger point injections also relieve symptoms.
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