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Many chronic pain conditions are caused by inflammation, dysfunctional nerves, disease, or fractures. Common complaints of chronic pain can be the result of injury or failed recovery and over time, the condition often becomes worse without an immediate plan of care. If you are suffering from chronic pain, you need to be well informed about your condition in order to understand proper recovery and to experience optimal relief.

Sciatica
Sciatica refers to pain that is felt along the course of the sciatic nerve. It can vary from a mild ache to a sharp burning pain felt in the lower back (lumbar area) and buttocks, down the back of the leg, and the foot, usually affecting one side of the body…
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Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis refers to the narrowing of the spinal canal due to bone spurs, herniated discs, thickened ligaments, tumors, or injury, causing swelling and inflammation in the tissues surrounding the spinal canal…
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Herniated Discs
A herniated disc is formed when the tough, fibrous outer covering of an intervertebral disc becomes weak and tears, causing the soft tissue in the center to be pushed outwards through the tear due to pressure from the vertebrae, above and below the disc…
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Cervical Radiculopathy
Cervical Radiculopathy is often called “pinched nerve” due to the compression of nerve roots near the cervical vertebrae (forming the cervical spine, from the base of the skull extending down to the neck). Damage to the nerve roots causes pain and loss of sensation…
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Facet Joint Pain
The facet joints are hinge-like joints that link vertebrae together to form the spine, providing stability, support, and mobility to the spine, allowing bending, extension, and twisting motions. These joints have cartilage tissue that acts as buffers…
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Myofascial Pain
Myofascial pain (chronic muscle pain) refers to the pain or inflammation affecting the fascia or connective tissue that covers either single muscles or muscle groups in the body. This pain may be due to injury caused by increased strain on a muscle, ligament, or tendon…
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Sacroiliitis
Sacroiliitis is the inflammation of one or both of the sacroiliac joints, which are located where the sacrum or tailbone, in the last section of the spinal column, meets the ileum, which is a part of the bony pelvis. This inflammation causes lower back pain…
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Shingles
Shingles is caused by the varicella-zoster virus, which also causes chickenpox. In a person who has been exposed to chickenpox or its vaccine, the virus can lie dormant in the nerves for many years. However, in those with weakened immune systems (due to old age or disease)…
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Phantom Limb Pain
Phantom limb pain (PLP) refers to ongoing painful sensations that seem to be coming from a part of a limb that has been amputated. While the limb or part of the limb is gone, the pain in that region is real. The pain occurs soon after the amputation surgery…
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Vertebral Fracture
Fractures in the vertebral bones of the spinal column usually occur because of trauma or injury. Other causes could be pathological fractures that occur due to the weakening of the bones in conditions like osteoporosis or cancer. Depending on the location…
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Fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia is a common condition that causes soft tissue or myofascial pain. While the symptoms may resemble those of arthritis (inflammation of the joints), the condition is limited to soft tissues. Fibromyalgia may be caused by traumatic injury…
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Arthritis: Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis
Arthritis is the swelling and tenderness of one or more joints due to inflammation or infection in the joint lining or cavity. Swelling occurs because of the increased secretion of synovial fluid, i.e., fluid that lubricates the joints, to facilitate smooth movement…
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Migraine
A migraine can cause severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation, usually on one side of the head. It is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, as well as extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can last for hours to days, with severe headaches…
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Pinched Nerve
A pinched nerve occurs when pressure is applied to a nerve by surrounding tissues, such as bones, cartilage, muscles, or tendons, causing tingling numbness, pins, and needles (paranesthesia), a sharp, aching, or burning pain, muscle weakness…
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Trigger Points
Trigger points, more commonly known as knots, are sensitive and hyper-irritable areas in the muscle or connective tissue (fascia) that are painful when compressed and may also cause referred pain in another part of the body. Patients may experience persistent pain and…
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